Fall 2014 – Sebaceous Carcinoma of the Abdominal Wall: A Potential Indicator of Muir Torre Syndrome

Sebaceous Carcinoma of the Abdominal Wall: A Potential Indicator of Muir Torre Syndrome

AuthorStacie L. Clark

Author Affiliations: College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University, Grand Rapids, MI, USA

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Corresponding Author: Stacie L. Clark, clarkst[at]msu.edu

Key Words: sebaceous gland; sebaceous carcinoma; abdominal wall; Muir-Torre syndrome; colorectal cancer; HNPCC.

Abstract: Introduction: Sebaceous carcinoma is a rare dermatologic tumor affecting the pilosebaceous apparatus of the skin. While the majority of sebaceous carcinomas arise from sebaceous glands in the ocular area, extraocular sebaceous carcinomas, arising from any region populated with sebaceous glands have also been reported. Sebaceous carcinoma can present as a single lesion or in association with secondary malignancies, most commonly with those found in Muir Torre syndrome (MTS), an autosomal dominant condition associated with several types of sebaceous neoplasms as well as a variety of visceral malignancies. The most common form of MTS has been described as a variant of hereditary non polyposis colorectal cancer (Lynch syndrome). Patient profile: Here, we describe the case of a 55-year-old male, with a known history of colorectal cancer, presenting with a rapidly enlarging abdominal wall mass. Interventions and outcomes: Surgical excision of the mass histologically demonstrated sebaceous carcinoma. This diagnosis, the incidental discovery of a papillary thyroid carcinoma and the patient’s history of colorectal cancer, prompted referral for genetic counseling, the results of which are still pending. Discussion: Sebaceous carcinoma is one of several diagnostic criteria of MTS and its presence should prompt a complete evaluation for underlying internal malignancies.

Published on date: September 31, 2014

Senior Editor: Timothy Smith

Junior Editor: Joginder Singh

DOI: Pending

Citation: Clark SL. Sebaceous Carcinoma of the Abdominal Wall: A Potential Indicator of Muir Torre Syndrome. Medical Student Research Journal. 2014;4(Fall):12-4.

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Jessica Wummel

Executive Editor
Jessica Wummel is a third year medical student at Michigan State University’s College of Human Medicine. She received her B.S. in Human Biology with a specialization in Bioethics, Humanities, and Society also from Michigan State University in 2011 from the Lyman Briggs College. She is interested in pursuing a career in Med/Peds and would eventually like to be involved in academic medicine later in her career.