Medals 4 Mettle
Medals4Mettle: A Program to Enhance the Medical Student-Patient Bond
Author: McKenzie Vater MS31*, Pradip D. Patel MD2, Kanyalakshmi Ayyanar, MD3, Autumn Marks, RN BSN CPHON4, Craig Ziegler, PhD5, Karen Hughes Miller, PhD6
1Medical Student, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, KY, USA.
2 Professor of Pediatrics, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, KY, USA.
3 Associate Professor, Division of Pediatric Hematology Oncology, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY, USA.
4Practice Manager, University of Louisville Physicians Pediatric Cancer and Blood Disorders, Louisville, KY, USA.
5 Biostatistician, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, KY, USA.
6 Associate Professor, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, KY, USA.Full Text Article PDF
Corresponding Author: McKenzie Vater, email@example.com
Key Words: service learning, humanism, empathy, student/patient communication, extracurricular activity
Introduction: Humanism is a necessary component of patient care. Medical schools are implementing strategies to educate students about humanism in medicine. The University of Louisville School of Medicine (ULSOM) encourages such practices through collaboration with Medals4Mettle (M4M), a non-profit organization that gives marathon medals to patients battling debilitating illnesses. The ULSOM’s chapter matches students participating in the Kentucky Derby Half/Full Marathon with pediatric patients, allowing students to establish a relationship with their “running buddies” prior to gifting their medals on race day as an act of support and acknowledgement of their struggle. The goal of this study was to evaluate the ULSOM chapter and to create a replicable model for other institutions to employ.
Methods: We conducted a survey for current and previous student and patient/parent participants. Participants were asked to complete six 5-point Likert scaled questions anchored with “Strongly Disagree” to “Strongly Agree” and three open-ended questions. The surveys were analyzed using the Mann-Whitney U test for quantitative analysis and Pandit’s variation of Glaser and Straus’ constant comparison for qualitative analysis.
Results: Data was collected from 62 medical students and 21 patients or parents (49% and 33% response rate, respectively). Five of the scaled questions had mean scores above 4.0, revealing that the majority of participants would recommend the M4M program to others and that M4M helped students relate to their patient on a personal level. The qualitative analysis identified four themes among participants: M4M is a wonderful program, it provides a patient benefit, people want to re-participate, and it allows you to connect with others.
Discussion: Findings from the survey suggest the implementation of programs like M4M will promote the integration of humanistic practices into medical school curricula. In the future, we plan to pair medical students with the patients earlier to create a longer-lasting, more meaningful relationship prior to the race.
Published on date: March, 2016
Citation: McKenzie et al. Medals4Mettle: A Program to Enhance the Medical Student-Patient Bond, Medical Student Research Journal (2016). doi: 10.15404/msrj/03.2016.0002
- Dossett ML, Kohatsu W, Nunley W, Mehta D, Davis RB, Phillips RS, Yeh G. A medical student elective promoting humanism, communication skills, complementary and alternative medicine and physician self care: an evaluation of the HEART program. Explore. 2013 Sep-Oct;9(5):292-8.
- Moyer CA, Arnold L, Quaintance J, Braddock C, Spickard A 3rd, Wilson D, Rominski S, Stern DT. What factors create a humanistic doctor? A nationwide survey of fourth-year medical students. Acad Med. 2010 Nov;85(11):1800-7.
- Chou CM, Kellom K, Shea JA. Attitudes and habits of highly humanistic physicians. Acad Med. 2014 Sep;89(9):1252-8.
- Magnezi R, Bergman LC, Urowitz S. Would your patient prefer to be considered your friend? Patient preferences in physician relationships. Health Educ Behav. 2014 Aug 25.
- Branch WT Jr. Treating the whole patient: passing time-honored skills for building doctor-patient relationships to generations of doctors. Med Educ. 2014;48:67-74.
- Duong DV. Caregiving as good doctoring. Acad Med. 2013 Nov;88(11):1678-9.
- Williams GC, Frankel RM, Campbell TL, Deci EL. Research on relationship-centered care and healthcare outcomes from the Rochester biopsychosocial program: a self-determination theory integration. Fam Syst Health. 2000;18(1):79-90.
- Schaechter, JL, Canning EH. ‘Pals’ a medical student public service program. West J Med. 1994 Oct;161(4):390-2.
- Burks DJ, Kobus AM. The legacy of altruism in health care: the promotion of empathy, prosociality and humanism. Med Educ. 2012; 46:317-25.
- Eckenfels, EJ. The purpose of service learning. Fam Med. 2009; 41(9):659-62.
- Isenberg SF. Physician founds charity to honor collective ‘mettle.’ IBJ. 2006 Feb 6;26(49):A38.
- Center for Disease Control (CDC) Handbook on program Evaluation Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/eval/guide/CDCEvalManual.pdf
- IBM Corp. Released 2013. IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, Version 22.0. Armonk, NY: IBM Corp. Systat Software, Released 2008 .
- Pandit, NR (1996) Creation of Theory: A Recent Application of the Grounded Theory Method. The Qual Repo 2(4). Available online at http://www.nova.edu/ssss/QR/QR2-4/pandit.html
- Cohen, Jacob. Statistical Power Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1988. Print